The Tatmadaw may still be satisfied enough with the semi-democratic regime it created and may want to return to it at some point – just after securing a suitable Commander-in-Chief and fixing some issues it is not entirely happy about.
A functioning and inclusive political settlement rather than institutional capacity narrowly conceived is necessary for building legitimacy across society for any new ‘post-conflict’ dispensation.
Ebola created mental barriers between contaminated and ‘clean’ regions that raised national security concerns. These barriers stripped people of their identity – they became viruses themselves – and of their social ties, keeping families and communities apart.
Behind well-established and fixed peacebuilding ‘models’ there always lies the danger of normativity and of a lack of flexibility. Rather than a model, it seems much more promising to foreground a frame within which to design more reflexive, adaptative and respectful peacebuilding strategies.
State-centric frameworks are problematic in building strong and just institutions in war-torn societies.